Barack Obama Awarded 2009 Nobel Peace Prize
The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided that the Nobel Peace Prize for 2009 is to be awarded to President Barack Obama for his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and cooperation between peoples. The Committee has attached special importance to Obama’s vision of and work for a world without nuclear weapons.
Obama has as President created a new climate in international politics. Multilateral diplomacy has regained a central position, with emphasis on the role that the United Nations and other international institutions can play. Dialogue and negotiations are preferred as instruments for resolving even the most difficult international conflicts. The vision of a world free from nuclear arms has powerfully stimulated disarmament and arms control negotiations. Thanks to Obama’s initiative, the United States is now playing a more constructive role in meeting the great climatic challenges the world is confronting. Democracy and human rights are to be strengthened.
Only very rarely has a person to the same extent as Obama captured the world’s attention and given its people hope for a better future. His diplomacy is founded in the concept that those who are to lead the world must do so on the basis of values and attitudes that are shared by the majority of the world’s population.
For 108 years, the Norwegian Nobel Committee has sought to stimulate precisely that international policy and those attitudes for which Obama is now the world's leading spokesman. The Committee endorses Obama’s appeal that “Now is the time for all of us to take our share of responsibility for a global response to global challenges.”
2009 Nobel Committee
As an independent liberal, I am having a number of reactions to this statement. Part of me is thrilled at the committee’s recognition of the value the Obama administration has placed on multilateral negotiation and its acknowledgement of Obama’s rhetorical commitment to nuclear disarmament.
The empiricist in me is deeply worried that the preeminent award for the furtherance of peace and the recognition of achievements done to promote peace has been given to someone who has advanced policies that legitimate people as objects of torture. I am concerned about the awarding of the world’s most visible prize for peace to someone who not only has delayed withdrawing his country from hostile activities in two countries, but has made the case for increasing such hostilities in one of them.
Obama seems very aware of the tensions made manifest by this award.