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Tuesday, 29 September 2009

Mistersquid’s Web-Based Photo Album

In an Age Before Web-Based Student Information Services

In 1998, a faculty at the University of Virginia English Department ran into a problem many academics will recognize. A former student of his had asked him for a recommendation. The student had done exceedingly well in the course and was among the top in her class. The faculty remembered the subject and caliber of that student’s work and was pleased to write a recommendation for her. The trouble was that he could not remember the student as a person. Not her face, her style, her speech. Nothing. The faculty asked the then Director of Graduate studies, Alison Booth, if he the departement had a photograph of the student. Alison threw up her hands.

At some point that summer, I came around to Alison looking for more money. She asked me if I was able to provide a solution for the department and secured a small stipend for me to whip up a small CGI script. Nice work if you can get it. My final script required someone to manually update a flat text file (translation: not database driven) and put pictures in a specific/specifiable directory. The design wasn’t going to win any awards, but it didn’t require the command line and it did work. Navigation was simple and results could be sorted by first name, last name, and computing id.

The department never implemented the script and, considering how rinky-dink it was for even then, I’m grateful. What that project ultimately produced was an opportunity for me to familiarize myself with some basic concepts in server-side scripting and PERL programming. I also slept a little better that summer thanks to having enough money to eat three squares a day.

Post-Flickr and the Open Source Revolution

Fast forward one decade and the 2004 launch of Flickr. The idea of a casual and clumsy scripter such as myself producing a web-facing photo service can’t even be called redundant because I could never provide half the functionality of a service like Flickr. Not in decade, not in a lifetime.

I opened my own Flickr account, mister_squid, to comment on some picture somewhere. Outside of commenting to other users’ photos, I have not used Flickr because I don’t like Flickr’s presentational aesthetics.1 Whenever I visit Flickr to see someone’s photos, I often have to refocus my attention against and through the blaring white expanse of screen. White is great for brick-and-mortar museums but horrible for back-lit screens.

Plus, I’m to this day wary about entrusting my data to a third party. I’m part of a thin sliver of people who deploy and host their own Internet services, people who believe that it’s not yet worth maintaining an account with a web-based Internet service given the churn of service consolidation and provider failure. Enter, the open source and free-of-charge Gallery.2

After kicking the tires, I liked Gallery enough to launch my own photos on the web. I will upload more pictures in the coming weeks, while adjusting the file hierarchy and renaming individual files. Links to specific will appear and die and then reappear somewhere else. Eventually, I may begin reposting some of my pictures to other web services, including this blog and Flickr.

I hope you enjoy browsing my pictures and, please, feel free to comment if you’d like.

end of article

1 Years ago, I created a Yahoo! account under the name mistersquid. I provided a false birthdate but never used that Yahoo! account other than to log in to Yahoo! chat a few times. When in 2007 Yahoo! told old-skool Flickr users to convert their accounts to Yahoo!, I was locked out of that user name. I’ve written Yahoo! on three occasions about this matter and have thrice received silence as a reply.
2 It takes some work to make the links in Gallery user-friendly. There is an unavoidable tradeoff between human-readable URLs and page navigability. Two Gallery forum threads were enormously helpful concerning this tradeoff: 1) URL Rewrite and Search Engine Friendliness Issues, from which one can glean an understanding of what’s at stake, and Thirteen Ways To Add SEO To Gallery2, which in several places provides detailed instructions on way to coax Gallery to produce human-readable URLs. At the end Thirteen Ways To Add SEO To Gallery2 (as of this writing), an undergraduate engineering student, Aneesh, links to definitive instructions for making in-page pagination links human-readable.

Monday, 21 September 2009

Full Speed Reverse

In the last month, there’s been a lot of mainstream media attention on the borderlands between paper print and digital print, between text and etext. Google seems to be the focus of much of this interest, and my guess is that the announcement and proposal of a settlement between Google and a broad class of authors and publishers and [. . .] library partners is making a lot of people nervous.

It was easy to believe that the future of the book, not just its electronic advent but its commercial feasability, was in fact a distant future, somewhere between an Apple-branded tablet device and flying automobiles.1 As long as the present day ability of readers to curl up in the bathtub with their favorite gathering of toxically produced wood pulp remained unchallenged, no one really considered the economic and social impact of etext and ebooks.2 The day people realized Google was moving its books project out of the academic cloister toward commercial respectability was the day everyone crapped their paper print diapers.

The US Department of Justice feels that the breadth of the settlement raised ‘significant legal concerns’, especially the problem that the agreement seems to give publishers the power to restrict price competition and drive other digital distributors from the market. The DOJ believes that the settlement in its current form fails to comply with Rule 23 of a federal law governing class-action settlements. As Tom Krazit of CNET observes, it seems the DOJ wants Congress to determine the fate of copyright orphaned works and the public’s ability to access such works rather than market forces to find a solution on their own. To my eyes, media incumbents know they cannot force Google to do its bidding and Google is keenly interested in granting public access to this information. Siccing the DOJ on the settlement is one way to express incumbent corporate interests. If these interests prevail, we all get to stay curled up in the bathtub.

Or do we?

It would be one thing if Google only wanted to offer access to these orphaned works, but Google has a broad range of initiatives whose target is the shadowy realm between paper and digital print. First, to smooth the feathers of its competitors, Google announced it would allow rivals full commercial access to its etext archives so companies like Amazon and Barnes and Noble could sell users access.3 Google also wants to help readers stay in the tub, announcing in the last days of summer 2009 that the direction of textual flow can be reversed, from digital to paper. Ebooks? We ain’t got no ebooks. We don’t need no stinkin’ ebooks!

And in case you missed it, Google even has come up with a way to help dead-tree news dealers relinquish their toxic hold on the world’s water resources with a new service called Fast Flip.4 RSS clients are too electrotexty for the partially bleached newsprint hordes. They need something more visual. For my money, I think Fast Flip is pretty slick and that it will help the electronically challenged get a better sense of the news available on the Internet. I’d love to see this kind of functionality available in a clientside RSS reader.

The recent and ongiong mainstream media concern with the flow of information from paper to electronic media—the concern with the transduction of material across disparate ontological orders—signals to me that electronic text is almost here. One of the largest commercial interests in the world is bringing its energy and vision to accelerating the nascent market for electronic texts, while the DOJ’s puppet masters think it’s best to encourage the parties to continue negotiations to modify it.5 A few more rounds of just this kind of judicial heel-dragging and paper print laggards will find themselves in exactly the same place that the captains of the music industry are in today.

It’s unfair, though, to suggest this is a problem limited to US media incumbents. Across the pond, Hachette Audio and Digital Media are using the abridged audio book version of Iain M. Banks’s latest novel Transition (hardcover by Orbit, a Hachette imprint) to sell paper print copies of the book. This strikes me precisely the kind of thinking one can expect from the benficiaries and proponents of incumbent media because the transition that’s really called for is not from audio to back paper. If paper print publishers truly understood the nature of media shift, they would give customers free audio versions of the paper print books they purchase. The reason publishers do not do this is because they want to believe that the new media can be used as a means to preserve the old media. The beneficiaries of paper print are blind to the possibility of using the old media to way to accelerate the shift to the new media and, by doing so, advantageously positioning themselves in relation to new media. They believe the old business can be maintained, impossibily, by routing through the new business. They do not see that the new business is inevitable.

They do not see that there is no other side.

end of article

1 “Flying” as part of intended operation rather than the result of accidentally becoming airborne.
2 I don’t make exception for Amazon’s Kindle because I don’t think the device is mainstreamable. Its design will influence nothing except by way of precaution.
3 This move should be called The Google Gauntlet because the unspoken challenge is compete with free. Google will charge advertisers, not users, for access to these archives. So, say, Amazon would be on a fool’s errand to try to sell users access to the archive. The slap across the other cheek just before Google throws the gauntlet on the ground sounds something like I dare you to create a search service better than ours. LOLOLOL.
4 I wish the flip was off as well as fast.

5 The pull-quote featured in the BBC’s US objects to Google book deal would be sad if it weren’t so predictable. Sheila tells the BBC that

Speaking as a researcher, I find Google Books a practical way to obtain information from rare books. But I do not want to read a novel online

missing the point that reading a novel on a computer is the least of the affordances of a digital text over a print text. One wonders if Shelia would say “But I do not want to search for a unique phrase online.”

Thursday, 17 September 2009

Some Thoughts Regarding the Creation of Text-to-Speech Audiobooks Using Consumer-Grade Software, or One Possible Outcome for Academic Professionalism as a Result of Fully Digitzed Text

Codex Books, Audiobooks, and Assistive Devices: A Tale of Near Misses

The last book I checked out of Alden Library while still a faculty at Ohio University was Clay Shirky’s 2008 Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing without Organizations. I had planned on scanning the book and turning it into an OCRed PDF file but I ran out of time, had to tear down and pack my digitizing rig, a large-format flatbed scanner and the dual G5 it was connected to. When Pam and I made our way back to California from Ohio in July, I was without a workstation class computer for over a month, using niblet and numbskull (respectively my smart phone and trusty MacBook Air) as a combined mobile computing solution. Good enough.

Two days ago, I was listening to an audiobook version of Clay Shirky’s book stored on eggplant, a black 160GB classic iPod.

I’ve never really been that into audiobooks. First, I am was a scholar of paper print texts, primarily texts classifiable as postmodern American literature and post-psychoanalytic philosophy. I did lots of non-print media, such as film and digital print, but my primary training and identity was with codex books, the old-skool kind. In fact, until Pam and I drove from San Francisco, California, to Athens, Ohio, at the end of 2008 and early 2009, I had never listened to an audiobook. The first audiobook I ever listened to was Cormac McCarthy’s The Road narrated by Tom Stechschulte. The performance and story were gripping, and we hooted over our alternating renditions of Stechschulte’s version of “the man” and “the boy.” Still not hooked.

On Monday, 14 September, I walked to the main branch of the SFPL and applied and received a library card. Shirky’s book, which was on the shelf in the main branch the Friday before (I think), was out. The nearest available copy was at the Golden Gate Valley Branch, a 1.8 mile walk.

On the morning of Tuesday, 15 September, I discovered there existed Federal regulations which do not allow insurers to pay for assistive devices if those devices had functionality beyond what was required for assistive services. Besides the regrettable and unsurprising waste forced by such regulations, I was on fire to find out more about the $150 text-to-speech software Ms. Lynn used on her iPhone to convert text to speech.

My search didn’t turn up the iPhone software, but I did see a number of text-to-speech softwares for the desktop, most of which were clearly garbage. I remembered a piece of software that had caught my interest several months back, a program called Textcast. I had tried the software out, but considered it to be too narrow. I couldn’t imagine selecting text snippets from various web pages, sending those snippets to Textcast, and synchronizing them with iTunes and then my iPod. Besides that the process involved four distinct steps from selection to iPod, many web-accessible articles span multiple pages. Getting those articles into a single podcast on an iPod would be too much work for too little payoff. I filed Textcast as interesting-idea-but-not-worth-the-effort.

The Pitfalls of Professional Narcissism

So two days ago on my walk to the main branch of the SFPL, I was listening to a self-generated audiobook version of Shirky’s Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing without Organizations stored on eggplant. Shirky is a canny analyst of new media, one who understands the effect new media have on incumbents, especially professionals.

In Everyone is a Media Outlet, Shirky notes that newspaper publishers didn’t see websites such as Craigslist and eBay as threats to their business, despite that anyone with eyes in 1998 could see that both sites (and others) were eating the newspapers’ lunch.

Shirky notes There was a kind of narcissistic bias in the [newspaper] profession; the only threats they tended to take seriously were from other professional media outlets, whether newspapers, TV, or radio stations (56). Incumbents were blind to the threat posed by the Internet to their business, even though that threat had a direct effect on their bottom line. The threat posed by the Internet was not just that web audiences want their news for free, though that would have an affect on subscriber revenue. The existence of a site like eBay combined with a moratorium on the taxation of Internet commerce that crossed state lines meant that eBay, Amazon, Apple, and Craigslist could give the traditional customer base of classified ads more for their money—more reach, more buyers, more flexibility—in addition to the simple fact of more money (no taxes).

So it goes.

Shirky also traces the effect of the printing press on scribal culture, identifying the instructive hypocrisy of Johannes Trithemius’s decision to publish De Laude Scriptorum, which praises the kind of lives that scribes lead, by means of movable type and a printing press rather than by employing a group of scribes. The Abott of Sponheim (Trithemius) provided the perfect example of why scribal culture was lost in the age of the printing press. Faced with the urgent need to save scribal culture, the Abott of Sponheim could think of nothing better than to accelerate the obsolecence of scribal culture with a eulogy on the virtues of scribal life. Today we would call this scribal FAIL.

Shirky put it this way.

Scribes existed to increase the spread of the written word, but when a better, nonscribal way of accomplishing the same task came along, the Abbot of Sponheim stepped in to argue that preserving the scribes’ way of life was more important than fulfilling their mission by nonscribal means.

Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing without Organizations (69)

To my eyes, this closely resembles arguments about the value of paper print books to the teaching of literature in a university setting.

Using paper print books, sitting with them in hand, cradling them in the bathtub, dragging them through airports, demanding students go the library and handle “real” books—all these seem the restrictions of habit rather than the realization that the artifacts which will most forcefully and, henceforth, most lastingly shape our culture do not come between the covers of a paper print book.

I’m not arguing that literature is no longer as culturally relevant in the United States as it was in the 1950s, though I do believe there is a strong argument to be made along those lines. Rather, I am arguing that the lack of interest in new media on the part of establshed mainstream scholars of literature is the sure sign that literary studies is in a death spiral. Unquestionably, paper print culture is irreplaceable and worth preserving as what historically has been the primary medium for the transmission of literature and literary culture. However, this position should not be confused with the nostalgic assertion that you can’t curl up in bed with a computer screen because that line of thinking misses the fact that what was most important about literary and cultural studies was that for half a century literature was the most established of the arts fostering self-identity. This is why literary studies was so important to identity politics in the late twentieth century, and it is why the study of film, television, web sites, video games, and text messaging will be the crucial objects of study inside of a decade.

Continued Cultural Relevance? There’s an App for That.

So two days ago I read this article about text-to-speech software and what had been a long-passed interest about some consumer-grade software that can batch produce digital audio from digital text was reawakened. I scoured my RSS feed reader, my blog, and the Internet for that same software.

And though I have not been a listener of audiobooks, two days ago I did find myself listening to a personally-generated copy of Shirky’s Here Comes Everybody while walking to the library to return a paper print book.

Despite the errors and infelicities of the machine-generated audiobook, its undeniably robotic cadence and mispronunciations, I found myself absolutely absorbed by the digital audiobook while I walked to and from the library. In addition to listening to the audiobook stored on egglant, I had a PDF version of the book on niblet and whenever “Alex” read something fascinating, I opened the PDF and searched for the passage. The second half of my walk I stepped to side of the sidewalk so I could stop and take more detailed notes using niblet’s Notes app.

Once I downloaded Textcast, I built a service to facilitate the process of sending digital text to Textcast for batch processing. That service is Text to Textcast and in order to use it you will need

The series of three brief tutorials only slightly overlap and it might worth your while to make you way through them all. These tutorials are meant for informational purposes only. I do not advocate violating copyright and encourage everyone to stay within the bounds of Fair Use concerning the transformation of copyrighted material for one’s personal use.

The audiobook I created was sourced from a PDF that itself was sourced from a paper print book.1 The PDF souce contains numerous errors but the text-to-speech framework are suprisingly robust even when given error-riddled text. Which is to say that between the inaccuracies of the text-to-speech software frameworks and flexibility of the algorithms which turn digital text into phonemes, the comprehensibility of the resulting audio files is good enough.

Compare the following sample text sent to Textcast

It's tempting to regard the bloggers writing about 'frent Lott or the people taking pictures ofthe Indian Ocean tsunami as a new crop of journalists. Tbe label has an obvious concep- tual appeal. Tbe problem, however, is that mass professional- ization is an oxymoron, since a professional class implies a specialized function. minimum tests for competence, and a minority ofmembers. None ofthose conditions exist with po? litical weblogs, photo sharing, or a host ofother self-publishing tools. Tbe individual weblogs are not merely alternate sites of publishing; they are alternatives to publishing itself, in the sense of publishers as a minority and professional class. In the same way you do not have to be a professional driver to drive, you no longer have to be a professional publisher to publish. Mass amateurization is a result ofthe radical spread of expressive capabilities, and the most obvious precedent is the one that gave birth to the modern world: the spread of the printing press five centuries ago. (Shirky 66)

with the audio file Textcast generated:

The digital text from which the audio file is generated has a number of errors. Words run together, words are misspelled, sentences are mispunctuated, and hyphens are retained. Still, the audio generated by OS X’s text-to-speech framework is for the most part comprehensible.

Here is how that audio file was generated.

Duration: 1m 21s

Clicking downloads a 8 MB file.

Please be patient while the file loads.

Ctrl/Right-click here to “Save File As . . .”

This next video explains how to create the “Text to Textcast” service.

Duration: 2m 58s

Clicking downloads a 12.5 MB file.

Please be patient while the file loads.

Ctrl/Right-click here to “Save File As . . .”

This last video describes how to produce an audibook and transfer it to an iPod.

Duration: 1m 49s

Clicking downloads a 17.6 MB file.

Please be patient while the file loads.

Ctrl/Right-click here to “Save File As . . .”

My claim that paper print books will lose their place to digital print books depends upon digital print providing affordances paper print books cannot. Some of these affordances are machine readability (machine searchable), portability (stored as electronic data), copyability (good for users), and transducibility (transformation from one form to another as illustrated above). For now and the next little bit of the future, digital print versions of literature are not gaining traction because they are digitally-encumbered, relatively expensive, and difficult to transfer. These drawbacks are grit in the machinery that would convert audiences from paper to digital print. Furthermore, the incumbent media continues to prevail to such a degree that even Google, the world leader in the production and management of of digital print assets, understands that allowing for the reconversion of digital print assets into paper will prove to be a profitable market.

But things change quickly in this early part of the digital information age and I do believe that within a few years one of the most fundamental tools of scholarship—those venerable objects referred to as “books”—will be superseded by something better.

end of article

1 I used an Epson Expression 10000XL to scan the pages in. I then used Photoshop to turn the TIFF images into PDFs using the version of Adobe Photoshp that comes bundled with Adobe CS 4 Premium. I batch OCRed the PDFs using Adobe Acrobat Pro (bundled with CS4) and concatenated the PDFs using the open source pdftk.

Shirky, Clay. Here Comes Everybody : The Power of Organizing without Organizations. New York: Penguin Press, 2008.

Trithemius, Johannes. De Laude Scriptorum. Mainz: Petrus Friedberg, 1494.

Sunday, 13 September 2009

Reorganizing This Movable Type Blog: Mistersquid Refreshed

Before returning to California after a 17-year adventure in the world of higher education (one that may not quite be done done), I restructured the way I was developing material for this blog. That restructuring was born of a need to more seamlessly connect Movable Type which which hosts/runs this blog and Tinderbox which I use as a pre-CMS CMS.

For nearly three years now, I’ve been using Tinderbox to produce initial drafts of my web-delivered writing and a few months after that I began using Tinderbox as the main software I use to produce my more scholarly texts. I devoted many many hours to understanding the relationships between data structures that could be created in Tinderbox and developed a small battery of command-line software tools to facilitate the incorporation of data from the web, my local files, and third-party software into Tinderbox. This work took an enormous amount of time and I learned a lot about PERL programming, UNIX, and my limits as a programmer.

Much of that time came at the expense of my teaching and, more significantly, my traditional research agenda. None of my work developing custom software tools and deepening my understanding of cyberinfrastructure advanced my tenure case given my job description. But my work in digital print and publishing, electronic asset production and management, and software evaluation and deployment was and is a fire in my heart. Teaching was the only thing that interrupted my devotion to my personal research agenda because my contractual research agenda—scholarship and writing in the field of postmodern American literature—had become a subspecialization. Since 1998, I have been working primarily in the field of new media production with a strong secondary emphasis on cultural analysis of postmodern theory, literature, and film.

Put another way, my job at Ohio University was as a writer and researcher in the field of postmodern literature (ironically, self-generated!)1. I was and am interested in that area and was and am a beginning scholar in the area of post-psychoanalytic models of culture, technology, and the individual, but this area is in some ways secondary to my desire to work in and with digital print and to develop a set of tools that would help me work with and generate materials that are, to use a neglected but useful phrase, ”born digital.” Which brings me to the subject of the day.

Reconceiving the way in which one produces material—especially in the domain of writing which has an intricate relationship with academic life from the production of primary materials to the establishment of evidentiary procedures—can be a transformation of great and intense moment. Taking the steps to transform the production and delivery of ideas involves more than understanding how a new piece of software works, installing a new operating system, and exploring unfamiliar websites. The generation of scholarship in digitally native media differs from the generation of scholarship in paper print as much as the production of scholarship in print differs from the production of scholarship in mansucript. These changes are total and transformative and once the process has begun, there is no turning back.

Regarding the present interface/instantiation (this blog), I’ve added structure that facilitates short posts about things I am not yet prepared to analyze deeply. That bit of kit is bits.mistersquid.com. I’ve also changed the content of the main page of blog.mistersquid.com, using Movable Type’s MultiBlog, so that my blog’s main page incorporates the bits as well. The bits has a separate RSS feed, as does this blog. There is a second new feed which combines the bits and the blog. This structure might look familiar to those of you who have interest in things related to Apple, as it is influenced by the structure of John Gruber’s Daring Fireball.2

I spent about thirty hours building and refiniing this structure and though you might not be able to tell from the aesthetics of this site, the transition is mostly complete. This is not to say that entries from the bits and the blog are visually identical. Specifically, the div for this post is a blog entry, whereas the div for Thursday, 10 September just below (as of this writing) is a bits entry. The main visual distinction between bits and blog posts is the headline banner for bits is “hollow” and contains the day and date while biog posts have a solid headline banner containing the blog post’s title.

I had hoped to publish to this blog’s main page an absolute number of blog entries with bits posts collated (intercalated) in the appropriate places. I was unable to accomplish this because of the way in which Movable Type’s <MT:Entries>, <MT:For>, and <MT:Multiblog> tags presently work. I developed two approaches to this problem, neither of which work. Presently, the code I am using to produce this page is:

At present, Su (who I think is a developer for Movable Type), is looking into a fix for my second solution. If and when I get details of a workaround, I’ll post back with an update. Update here. Another update», with bug fixes.

Finally, there is no finally, but I do want to say that there are other changes afoot and I can’t wait to share them. For now I’ll note that a certain someone I know has noted that this blog is extremely text-heavy and that pictures are an excellent way to deliver information, a way I have underutilized. I wholeheartedly concur.

end of article

1 This is a story for a different post(-mortem).
2 I was stumped about how to develop this structure, so I wrote an email to John, whose blog is based on Movable Type. He generously shared with me some of the details about how he produces the feeds and static pages for Daring Fireball, convincing me once and for all that the principal of Daring Fireball has mad PERL skills.

Tuesday, 08 September 2009

A Late-Summer Afternoon With Boot Camp

Despite having done so much work on my new computer

late this morning I found myself inventing more things for myself to do. I started looking over the 79 gigabytes of data (400,000 items) I had transferred from DVD to hard drive and considered immediately organizing it. I decided that putting final order on all that data would have been too much given that last night I finished the week-long process of filling a 2-terabyte drive with four year’s worth of screenshots (a different DVD-to-magnetic media task).

On Labor Day 2009, I installed Windows XP on an NTFS-formatted partition as a full-fledged OS citizen. I’d been running Windows in a virtual machine using VMWare’s Fusion, but I knew that in order to explore, for example, Turtle Rock Studio’s Left 4 Dead that I would need better performance than could be obtained using virtualization software such as Fusion.

The process of installing Windows using Apple’s Boot Camp was considerably less painful than customizing a fresh Mac OS X install for daily use, though I admit that’s a high bar to measure the difficulty of a software install. (I have lots of specialized and custom software I cannot work without.) What confused me the most during the Windows XP install process was the fact that I needed to insert the OS X installation disc while booted in Windows in order to install drivers for chatterbox’s video cards, network cards, input devices, and other peripherals.

With the OS install complete, the next difficult part of getting Left 4 Dead running was figuring out how to make my Belkin Nostromo SpeedPad n52 work properly. The software interface for the n52 is split between two pieces of software on Windows, whereas in Mac OS X the software is consolidated in a System Preference module.

Also much more difficult than installing Windows XP was getting a

a custom icon onto the Windows partition that Mac OS X could see. With the advent of Snow Leopard, some of the old techniques for customizing NTFS icons in OS X no longer work. There are some sophisticated (if creaky) tools to facilitate Mac OS X’s writing to NTFS partition, and NTFS-3G was the only solution that worked for me. In my testing, Candybar is right out.

While I am thrilled for the ability to run something like Boot Camp and am astonished at the effort and forethought Apple has put into enabling a Macintosh to boot into Windows, I think the conversation between OS X and NTFS should receive in-house support. Even given these rough spots, Boot Camp really is some gee-whiz technology.

end of article

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